What did the archaeologists who discovered the Holy Sepulcher find?
According to the four Gospels, Jesus Christ was buried in a cave not Mount Golgotha, not far from the place of his crucifixion. Christians believe that three days later Jesus rose from the dead and ascended. Of course, scientists cannot verify this information. However, there is no direct evidence that the man known as Jesus of Nazareth was crucified by the representatives of the Roman administration of Judea and was buried after the crucifixion, therefore historians admit that the Holy Sepulcher could be the real burial place of Jesus.
We have already told the long history of the Holy Sepulcher and the complex Temple built in different centuries by Christian rulers. Let us repeat briefly: it all began with St. Helena, who came to Calvary in the 4th century and discovered a cave with a burial bed (according to some sources, there was already a temple on this site founded by the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century). In 1555 (and possibly earlier) the bed was covered with a marble slab - as it is believed, to protect against lovers of souvenirs. Since then, no one has been raising the stove, and by the 21st century, historians have a great desire to find out what is inside.
The main question posed by archaeologists was: why did Saint Helena decide that she had found the burial place of Jesus of Nazareth? Scientists were given 60 hours to dig, and this is what they managed to find out.
Under the marble slab was a filler - a layer of stone material. Under it was another slab of marble with a cross knocked out in stone, and under it was a slab of limestone, which is considered a burial bed.
First conclusion: in seven centuries of worship no one has shrunk; the stone bed found by St. Helena remained in its original place. There was also indirect evidence that the cave was used for burial according to the Jewish rite at the beginning of the first century AD.
According to the Gospels, the body of Christ was put in a cave at Calvary, which belonged to Joseph of Arimathea, a wealthy disciple of Jesus. The Jewish tradition forbade the burial of the dead within the city, so the limestone cliffs around Jerusalem conceal many cave burials. At Golgotha, not far from the Temple, a quarry and stones were found that were used to build the burial bed for the deceased. The interior of the cave located inside the temple, and the design of the contents of the tomb corresponds to the burial traditions of the beginning of the first century, scientists conclude.
Archaeologists have no evidence that Jesus from Nazareth was buried in the cave, where the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is now located, but there are no other places equally suitable for those described in the New Testament, archaeologists conclude. Science still can neither confirm nor deny the assumption that the stove, revered by Christians around the world, served as the burial place of what Christians consider the prophet and messiah.Do you like the article?
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