Washing machine, tower and other inventions of automotive engineers

The past century has been very generous with ingenious minds. Many of them possessed the broadest horizons and tried themselves in various fields. Engineers and businessmen, known to the world for their achievements and discoveries in the automotive field, did not limit themselves only to this topic. Vivid evidence of this is in our material.

From heat to cold

The father of Robert August Bosch saw in his descendant a teacher or a pharmacist, while the future inventor himself dreamed of becoming a zoologist or biologist, but fate decreed otherwise. After leaving school, Robert works in various mechanical workshops, and then enters the Technical University of Stuttgart. His first own enterprise was called simply and succinctly - "Workshop of Precise Mechanics and Electricity." At the age of 26, Bosch makes his most important and famous inventions - a spark plug and a magneto for a car engine, but few people know that this talented German invented the first mass home refrigerator.

The leg-mounted appliance, which is very similar in shape to a front-loading cylindrical washing machine, was first shown at the spring exhibition in Leipzig in 1933. In his 60-liter chamber, the products remained fresh for two days. Interestingly, the original case in the form of a drum provided less loss of energy dissipation from the surface and allowed to keep the cold longer. However, two years later, Bosch refrigerators took on the familiar shape of a cabinet with a door.

With a dream of heaven

Henry Ford - the world-famous inventor of the conveyor and creator of the idea of ​​a people's car - has registered more than a hundred patents in his life. This long list includes a wheeled tractor, a car shock absorber, a method for converting penicillin using sulfuric acid, and even a four-engine cargo airplane. The uniqueness of this aircraft was that the screws of one pair of engines were on the front edge of the wing, and the other on the rear. In addition, the chassis of the power plants slightly protruded beyond the surface of the planes, thereby not creating a large aerodynamic drag. In general, a very advanced design idea, but in practice has not been implemented.

Advertising genius

Polytechnic graduate Andre Citroen, who was not financially constrained, was a big fan of Henry Ford (they even met in Michigan in 1912), but he was not the inventor of technology. Back in 1904, the Frenchman acquired a patent for the production of chevron gears, and during the First World War he built a factory in Paris producing shrapnel shells. The first car of the brand - Type A - was designed by the former Citroen fellow soldier - Jules Salomon. In the honorary list of the "Hall of Automobile Glory" Andre did not get at all as an engineer, but as a brilliant advertiser and a successful marketer. He belongs to the authorship of the idea (and this is also an invention) of developing brand loyalty from a young age, embodied in the release of pedal children’s cars - large-scale copies of the originals. In 1924, Citroen took a new height - rented the Eiffel Tower. His last name adorned the “Iron Lady” for ten years. In 1929, he built a new store in Paris with a shop window 21 meters high and 10 meters wide. Dozens of cars could be seen directly from the street behind the glass on six floors. It was the very first showroom.

Without leaving cash desk

Inventor, businessman, chemist and engineer Charles Kettering worked at General Motors from 1920 to 1947. 186 patents have been registered in the name of this gifted gentleman. Charles's work extended far beyond the automotive industry. In 1917, by order of the U.S. Army, Kettering developed an experimental unmanned aerial torpedo. Innovative weapons, called the Beetle, were designed to attack from a distance of 120 km and became the prototype of modern cruise missiles. The device passed successful tests, and the military ordered 75 cars. But they did not have time to make them: World War I ended. Drawings were put on a shelf and no longer reached. Another, no less interesting, non-automobile invention of Charles is a cash and credit machine for large shopping centers. The chip of the device was in the built-in phone, which allowed the seller of the store, literally without leaving the cash desk, to contact bank clerks for permission to issue a loan.

And our tanks are fast

John Walter Christie built the first American front-wheel drive car in 1903. Not a self-propelled stroller, but a full-fledged car. The third sports car of John Walter has already developed a capacity of 100 liters. from. and was able to accelerate to 160 km / h. But much more the designer is known not for his automobile successes and fast laps in races, but for military inventions. In 1915, Christy built a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun for the US Armed Forces. And in November 1919 he received an order for the first tank. The original suspension system he developed, known as Christie’s suspension, was used in Soviet tanks of the BT and T-34 series.

look again
  • Girls and cars: all pink cars of the “Models of the Year” Playboy 11
  • Wilson Combat: the most beautiful custom "guns" 26
  • Wings For Victory: 1940s British aviation posters 6
  • Advertising posters of automobile companies 1910−1930's 12
  • Advertising photographs of Soviet tractors: "Tractoroexport" 10
  • Advertising photographs of Soviet cars: Avtoexport 12

Bicycle master

The list would not be complete without Giorgetto Giugiaro, who in 1999 received the title of "Automotive Designer of the Century." In his portfolio you will find fabulously expensive supercars, and budget mass subcompacts. It’s easier to list the brands with which he did not work. If anything, the shape of the cases of modern professional Nikon cameras is also his job. There is even a wonderful office chair in the list of his patents. The maestro managed to invent a new bicycle.

look again
  • Girls and cars: all pink cars of the “Models of the Year” Playboy 11
  • Wilson Combat: the most beautiful custom "guns" 26
  • Wings For Victory: 1940s British aviation posters 6
  • Advertising posters of automobile companies 1910−1930's 12
  • Advertising photographs of Soviet tractors: "Tractoroexport" 10
  • Advertising photographs of Soviet cars: Avtoexport 12

On land and at sea

Milanese Ettore Bugatti is well known in the world of cars. At the factory in an abandoned Alsatian farm, he got the hang of making fast racing cars. His authorship also belongs to one of the most luxurious limousines of the time - Bugatti Type 41 Royale. In total, six such masterpieces were released. But, like most engineers at the beginning of the 20th century, he was a universal, trying himself in other technical fields. Among others, two patents are registered in his name. One describes the design of a railway wheel with an elastic damping insert designed to reduce vibrations and improve ride comfort. The second document relates to special equipment to reduce roll, pitch and other undesirable movements of the vessel.

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