Nicotine Suppresses Pleasure
Less than 25% of smokers who use drug therapy to control nicotine survive six months without it, and relapse is especially common during the first 48 hours, when symptoms of nicotine deficiency are most acute. Why?
A team of American scientists from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Washington and Harvard Medical School found that after quitting smoking, the brain’s ability to enjoy “natural” factors, such as food or sex, decreases markedly .
According to the results of this study, nicotine is able to influence behavior, disrupting the normal functioning of the promotion mechanism.
Due to the fact that this symptom in itself is often found in people suffering from depression, and during a lack of nicotine, the smoker experiences much less positive emotions, there is evidence that people who already have some depressive symptoms and in addition quit smoking, most likely mired in clinical depression.
And on the contrary - the first cigarette smoked after a long break brings a lot of positive emotions - the mechanism of encouragement starts to work for the smoker, and the body feels capable of enjoying life.
The authors of the study argue that the data obtained will form the basis of fundamentally new methods of treatment for nicotine addiction, which will rely on the mechanism of restoration of promotion.