Monsters with light bulbs

Dante Fenolio / Getty Images Pacific Howlio. Toothy deep-sea predator. He grabs his victims and chews with long teeth. Rows of strips of photophores adorn the belly of Howliode.

Ethan Daniels / Getty Images

Dante Fenolio / Getty Images Pachistomy. This predatory fish lives in mesopelagic waters (at a depth of 200-1000 meters). Photophores on its face emit beams of red light, which is reflected from the red bodies of its victims (primarily shrimp). midshipman fish. The fish got its name thanks to the even rows of blue photophores, reminiscent of the strict contours and buttons of the uniform of naval officers.

Matt Davis Idiakant. For their exotic appearance and long teeth, the idiakants (Idiacanthus) received the common name "sea viper". The tendril-photophore of the idiac attracts females to mating.

Peter David / Getty Images Batophile. Lives at the bottom, devoid of scales, but it boasts an impressive luminous mustache.

Borut Furlan / Getty Images

Dante Fenolio / Getty Images Black Angler. Anglers, or sea devils lure their prey with a light "float" fixed to a "fishing rod" at the mouth. Then the victim is captured with powerful teeth.

J. Sparks / AMNH Diaf. She is a flashlight fish: luminous strips of photophores cover her head, sides and belly.

AMNH Malek Bioluminescent Blue Surgeon

Many living organisms know how to glow - due to internal resources. This ability is called bioluminescence. Residents of the middle strip are mostly familiar to fireflies, but they are most often found in fish: it is not surprising, because many of them live in total darkness.

Recently, scientists have found out: 80 percent of ray-finned fish independently illuminate the world around them, and over 150 million years of evolution this ability has arisen independently at least 29 times! shows the most unusual bioluminescent fish.


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