Cadaveric Lily: The Largest Flower
1. Rafflesia Arnold - a species of parasite plants from the genus Rafflesia. This exotic species can be found on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan. Rafflesia blooms in single reddish-brown flowers, which are considered one of the largest in the world : their diameter is 60-100 cm, the thickness of the petals is 3 cm, and the total mass is up to 8 kg. Even if you are brought to Sumatra or Kalimantan, it will be difficult to find rafflesia - it only blooms for a few days.
2. Rafflesia of Arnold is popularly called cadaveric lily : the fact is that the plant has a characteristic smell of rotting meat. This aroma attracts insects, the main pollinator is a forest fly. In addition, the petals of this flower are very reminiscent of decaying flesh.
3. The cadaveric lily does not have a pronounced stem, leaves and roots : the parasite plant receives all the nutrients from the body of its host: most often it is the vine vine family.
4. The cadaveric lily was discovered exactly 200 years ago, in 1818 on the island of Sumatra, by a local conductor who worked with the British physician Joseph Arnold, and was named in honor of the expedition officer Thomas Ruffles. 2 weeks after the discovery, Joseph Arnold died of tropical malaria.
5. Rafflesia is a very rare plant that is on the verge of extinction . This is due to deforestation and the characteristics of the cadaveric lily itself. As already noted, they bloom only a few days; at the same time, male flowers should be next to female flowers, blooming at the same time so that the flies could carry pollen.