5 most unusual types of fist weapons of the East
Brass knuckles "Deer horns"
Lujiaodao - paired knuckle knuckles in the shape of two crossed crescents (less often - just a ring with a pointed edge, which many distinguish as a separate type of fist weapon). According to the legends, Dong Hai Chuan, a tax collector and part-time creator of the Kung Fu Baguazhan school, relied on these weapons as the best way of defense during long trips. Pupils are allowed to go to Lujiaodao only after many years of training - in the hands of an inept fighter, a weapon can do a lot of harm to its owner.
Tiger Claw Bagh Nakh
Talk about combat claws. The first on our list is a guest from India, who was popularly called the “tiger claw”. Despite its ominous appearance, these weapons for close hand-to-hand combat were mainly used for ceremonial purposes. It was distributed in the Mysore region of India in the 1700s, where it became an attribute of adherents of the cult of the tiger goddess. Such brass knuckles consisted of 4–5 pointed bent shoulder blades imitating a tiger paw and mounted on a transverse crossbeam. In battle, the weapon could break the skin and muscles, leaving long bleeding cuts, but it was not suitable for causing fatal damage.
The “iron fist” from Okinawa was traditionally made of wood and metal. On the crescent protecting the fingers, usually three dull pins were attached, which they tried to hit along the ribs, collarbones, joints and other vulnerable points.
Tekko-kagi is his close relative, but with a more professional bias. This Shinobi weapon is widely used in popular culture, let’s recall at least the main antagonist of the Shredder’s Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles franchise. The long (10-30 cm) steel claws really make a strong impression: first of all, it is a deterrent weapon, designed for the effect of surprise. However, his combat characteristics are also quite good: with metal strips pointed at the ends and positioned in such a way as to effectively protect the owner’s brush, it is quite difficult to inflict fatal wounds. But to disfigure the attacker and make him bleed from deep cuts - easily!
Shuko is another type of battle claws (“tekagi” or “hand hooks”) used by the shinobi. Unlike other species, here sharp spikes are located on the inside of the palm, while the brush is protected from them by tightly folded steel strips and leather straps.
The main purpose of shuko, however, is not military - primarily they were used to cling to the surface more while climbing trees and walls. Even after years of training, a person cannot hang on branches and trunks for too long, and hooks to some extent solved this problem during ambushes and reconnaissance missions.
The combat use of shuko today is transmitted at the tohakure-ryu school of hand-to-hand combat. They are mainly used in the same way as the other claws - for sudden attacks, when a fighter tries to strip the face and neck of the enemy. Due to the shape of the hook wounds caused by shuko, they do not heal for a long time and leave ugly scars for life.
As a dessert - satyteni, Khevsur war rings that were worn on the thumb. They were mainly used during shuguli - a duel between Khevsur men, where the main goal was not to kill or injure, but to prove to the enemy their martial art. Such weapons are not exclusive and are widespread throughout the Caucasus. The purpose of the ring determines its impact rib. In total, there are three main varieties: satsemi (for jerking), mchreli (for cutting) and mnatsravi (for scratching and stitching).
Sometimes Khevsurs used an auxiliary ring “sachike”, which was either welded to the main one or worn separately. Raw wax was usually applied on the inside or a gasket made of cloth was wound, protecting the finger from injuries.