5 easy ways to light a match-free fire in nature
Perhaps the oldest and most reliable way to make fire in the wild is to use a dry tree. Remember how Tom Hanks washed his hands in the movie Outcast to Blood? In fact, such sacrifices are not necessary at all.
First, dig a small hole in the ground to allow air to flow. After that, take a dry flat piece of wood and drill a small recess in it - this can be done with a regular sharp pebble. It remains to find a long thin stick that will play the role of a drill, and sharpen one of its tips. You will also have to collect a little tinder - the smallest wood chips, tiny pieces of bark and bird fluff will do, the main thing is that all materials are dry. Now just put the tinder in the recess, press it with the sharp end of the “drill” and begin to rotate it with measured, sharp movements, applying as much force as possible. If the oxygen supply is stable, the tinder will soon begin to smolder - it remains to gently inflate the coals and place them in the prepared kindling. Voila, you got the fire!
The modern flint consists of an armchair, flint and tinder. Armchair is any pyrophoric material. Previously, ordinary iron was used for these purposes, but over time, special alloys appeared, the most popular of which is currently ferrocerium - an alloy of iron, cerium, lanthanum and lanthanides. The principle of operation of the flint is extremely simple: when hitting a chair, flint removes thin chips, which are heated and ignited in the process - this is akin to a grinding stone that cuts sparks during grinding. So you need a piece of ordinary flint, an iron surface and a bit of dexterity - sooner or later a dry tinder will surely catch fire.
This method is familiar to many of us since childhood. In sunny weather, using it to make fire is easy: just pick the right angle and focus the sun's rays on the combustible material, and it will quickly warm up to the burning temperature. The obvious minus of the glass is that it is completely useless in cloudy weather.
No glass? Just grab the soda can and polish it with chocolate. The fat contained in it will make the metal smooth and turn it into a miniature parabolic mirror that perfectly reflects the sun's rays. Even ordinary ice can be polished to the state of a lens that focuses ultraviolet radiation - this will help you not freeze if you are left without matches in the winter. You will need a piece of ice about 5-7 cm thick, the edges of which should be slightly thinner than the convex middle. You can polish the ice with a piece of rough cloth or even with your hands.
You will need some natural wool, as well as a battery (optimal power - 9 watts). Just stretch the coat and start rubbing it with the battery head. Steel wool or cotton wool is also suitable for these purposes. As a result of friction, the wool heats up and ignites, it remains only to put it in a fire.
If you are lucky to go camping with a set of chemically active substances, then they can come to the rescue. Here are the three most popular formulations that ignite when mixed:
- Potassium Chlorate and Sugar (3 to 1)
- Potassium permanganate (familiar to all "potassium permanganate") and glycerin
- Potassium permanganate and antifreeze
It is worth noting that in this case it is necessary to strictly observe safety precautions and prevent contact of the body with reagents.