10 real american trucks
Kenworth (Kirkland, Washington, 1923- ...). One of the most famous brands of trucks, now owned by the Paccar concern. The company itself appeared in 1912, but at first it was not involved in production, but was only a dealer in sales of automotive equipment. It was called Gerlinger Motor Car Works, and in 1915 released its first own truck under the brand name Gersix. In 1917, the company was bought by partners Edgar Worthington and Frederick Kent, who in 1923 renamed the production, making the name from the initial letters of their names (Ken + Worth). The picture shows the classic model Kenworth W900.
Freightliner (Portland, Oregon, 1942- ...). The freight company Consolidated Freightways was founded by Leland James in 1929, and since 1942 began building its own vehicles under the Freightliner brand (literally - “cargo liner”). Financial problems at the turn of the seventies and eighties forced to sell the company to Daimler AG, which it still owns. Pictured is the 2010 Freightliner CL Columbia.
International (Leisl, Illinois, 1902- ...). In 1902, the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and the Deering Harvester Company merged to form International Harvester. It was based in Chicago and produced a wide range of products - agricultural machinery, trucks and cars (!) Cars. The International brand was mainly used for trucks. In 1985, the company’s agricultural division was sold, cars were no longer manufactured even earlier, and the company, renamed Navistar International, focused exclusively on trucks and military equipment - which it still does today. Pictured is the 2015 International Lonestar truck tractor.
Caterpillar (Deerfield, Illinois, 1925- ...). The famous company Caterpillar is associated with dump trucks, competitors of BelAZ, as well as tractors, cranes and other construction or mining equipment. More surprisingly, Cat has a whole line of road tractor units. Why don't we know anything about her? So about it, and the Americans know almost nothing - the company from Illinois makes truck tractors only for Australia! I must say that the company began to build trucks for public roads recently - in 2011, the first model was the Cat CT660 dump truck. The picture shows the latest novelty, the Caterpillar CT630LS (2017) super-heavy truck tractor specifically for the Australian market.
Western Star (Portland, Oregon, 1967- ...). In 1967, the industrial giant White Motor Company established the White Western Star division, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio. The unit changed hands many times - after the ruin of White, it became part of Volvo, then it was bought by Australian businessman Terrence Peabody, and since 2000 it was owned by DaimlerChrysler and is part of Freightliner. The picture shows the classic Star Western 4900 EX.
Mack (Greensboro, North Carolina, 1900- ...). One of the oldest American companies was founded by John Mack and began with the production of buses. Over its long history, the company has produced dozens of trucks, as well as buses and trolleybuses of various classes and purposes. In the 1980s, Mack went badly and the French corporation Renault gradually began to buy stakes in its shares. The final deal occurred in 1990 - Mack became wholly owned by the French. In 2001, Renault resold the Volvo brand - but Mack still manufactures trucks and is one of the leading US engineering companies. Pictured is 2017 Mack Anthem.
Autocar (Hagerstown, Indiana, 1897- ...). The company, founded by Louis Clark in Pittsburgh, from 1899 to 1911 made cars, and trucks were an "extra line". But in 1911 Autocar decided to abandon cars, and trucks (in particular, the Type XVII model) became the only products of the company. Shortly after the war, in 1953, Autocar became part of the White Empire, and after the ruin of the latter, in 1980, it passed to Volvo. The Swedes decided to keep the brand. And then a strange thing happened. In 2001, Volvo bought the North American cargo assets of Renault Corporation, which is why it turned out that, in fact, about 80% of truck manufacturers in the USA became Volvo's. The antitrust service opposed this, forcing Volvo to sell part of the brands to third parties. Autocar was acquired by the newly established Grand Vehicle Works Holdings, LLC - and again, after almost half a century, it became independent! Pictured here is a classic 1972 Autocar S64F tractor.
Brockway (Cortland, New York, 1875-1977). Brockway was founded long before the automotive era as a crew manufacturer. In 1909, she built her first truck, and during the Second World War she established herself as a reliable and successful B666 cargo chassis. In 1956, the brand was acquired by Mack, and in 1977, the owners of Mack decided to close the division for financial reasons. Pictured is one of the latest Brockway models 360 (1977).
Sterling (Redford, Michigan, 1907-1953, 1997-2009). The original Steling company, founded in 1907, was based in Wisconsin and produced a large line of a wide variety of trucks and special equipment. In 1951, the company was “swallowed” by White, and two years later the brand was abolished. In 1997, Freightliner bought a license from Ford for the production of pickups and trucks - and began to build them under the revived Sterling brand, along with tractors and other agricultural equipment. In 2009, the reincarnation of the old brand was eliminated for economic reasons. Pictured is Sterling's “reincarnation” period.
Marmon-Herrington (Louisville, Kentucky, 1931- ...). In 1931, the owner of the Marmon automobile company, Walter Marmon, decided to start a new business. He teamed up with Arthur Herrington and founded the Marmon-Herrington company, which quickly made a name for itself in the production of aircraft tankers and other military and military equipment. In the midst of the Great Depression, in 1933, Marmon closed the production of Marmon cars, focusing on commercial and industrial equipment. Subsequently, he added buses and trolleybuses to the lines. In the early 1960s, the company was sold to the Pritzker family, after which it changed hands many times and changed its sphere of activity - MH built airplanes, ground-to-ground missiles, and space technology components. Today, the brand belongs to the Berkshire Hathaway conglomerate and produces components - axles, axles, engines, and also “converts” trucks from conventional to all-wheel drive. The last Marmon truck was made in 1997. Pictured is the Marmon Conventional, Rolls Royce Among the Trucks, 1986.