10 most unique nebulae

The snail nebula in the constellation Aquarius is clearly visible from Earth. It is located very close to us by cosmic standards, at a distance of only 700 light-years. This is another planetary nebula with a white dwarf in the center.

The crab nebula became the first number in the list of space objects compiled by the French astronomer of the XVIII century Charles Messier. But he did not know that this nebula is the remnant of a supernova explosion that was observed by Chinese astronomers in 1054 A.D. Inside it is a pulsar, a frantically spinning young neutron star.

The Eskimo Nebula is a bright and ever-expanding cloud of gas in the constellation Gemini. It belongs to planetary nebulae - because the disk surrounding it resembles the planets of our solar system, and the star inside is akin to the Sun. Perhaps the death of our system in billions of years will look just like that.

The Lagoon Nebula is a star-forming nebula in the constellation Sagittarius, located at a distance of about 5 thousand light years from us. It can even be seen with the naked eye, although many such objects are hidden from us by interstellar dust. The lagoon extends for 50 light years and belongs to the type of emission, i.e., consisting of plasma nebulae.

The Tarantula Nebula is one of the most impressive objects that can be observed from the southern hemisphere. Tarantula is an emission star-forming nebula located in the constellation Golden Fish of the galaxy of the Big Magellanic Cloud. Its size is simply amazing. If it were from the Earth at a distance from the Snail nebula, it would close the sky, from the zenith to the horizon.

The Owl Nebula is a small planetary nebula in the constellation Ursa Major. In general, most nebulae are named according to the Messier catalog or the New General Catalog - NGS, only a few are given catchy names. Owl nebula got its due to the distant resemblance to the head of an owl - a ghostly oval with two spots-eyes.

The triple nebula is absolutely inimitable. It consists of three main types of nebulae - emission, pink, reflective, blue and absorbing, black. Inside it there are many "seeds" of stars. Most likely our solar system was born from a similar object.

The Cat Eye Nebula is located in the constellation Dragon, and has one of the most complex structures of cosmic objects known to us. In the pictures of “Hubble” and “Spitzer” it can be seen that it is twisted into a spiral with many plexuses. The reasons for this are unclear.

The Eagle Nebula has presented to humanity one of the most impressive astronomical images - “Pillars of Creation”, the region of the origin of new stars. According to the Spitzer telescope, this area was destroyed by a supernova explosion about 6 thousand years ago. But the Eagle is located at a distance of 7 thousand light years from the earth - and for another thousand years we will be able to admire the “Pillars”.

The Orion Nebula is the brightest emission nebula, clearly visible in the night sky with the naked eye from almost anywhere in the world, and therefore has gained great fame. It is located just below the Orion Belt, at a distance of about 1300 light-years from Earth and extends for 33 light-years.

Apart from the purely aesthetic benefits, nebulae perform a crucial function - they are filled with heavy elements that stimulate the life cycle of stars. In this list, not only the most beautiful, but also the most amazing examples of nebulae.

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