10 monstrous animals that lived at the same time with man
The Columbus mammoth is one of the largest mammoths that ever existed on earth, a relative of the more common woolly mammoth. The remains of Colombian mammoths were found on the way from Canada to Mexico. The famous woolly mammoths left their marks in North Asia, Russia, Canada. Their main difference is that the Colombian mammoths were practically not covered with wool, which brings them closer to modern elephants, and their tusks were much larger than that of woolly mammoths.
The growth of Colombian mammoths was approximately 3-4 m, and the weight reached 5-10 tons. Colombian mammoths are the owners of the largest tusks among the elephant family. 3.5 in length, rounded, incredibly durable, they were used to fight all predators, including humans.
Giant sloths. Today, a sloth is one of the cutest creatures, photos with which gain millions of "likes" in social networks. Their ancient ancestors did not seem so charming.
Several types of giant sloths are known. Those that lived on the territory of North America were the size of rhinos, and ancient people may have often dined with them. However, the largest of the giant sloths, megateria, lived in South Africa about 10 thousand years ago and were no smaller than an elephant. About 6 m from head to tail, weighing 4 tons, with sharp teeth and long nails, sloths seemed pretty formidable animals. Moreover, there is speculation that they were predators.
The last species of giant sloths lived in the Caribbean about 4.2 thousand years ago.
Gigantopithecus is the largest primate ever to stomp the earth. This relative of the orangutans earned its name: a three-meter animal weighed 500 kg and was huge even for the prehistoric world. Interestingly, the giant potato is very similar to the yeti image. True, the giant drinker died out 100 thousand years ago. Moreover, if then the giant primates did not even think of hiding from people, it is unlikely that any of them are now hiding in the highlands, scaring tourists under the guise of a snowman.
Gigantopithecus lived on Earth for about 6–9 million years, eating the fruits of Southeast Asia. But with climate change, the rainforests turned into arid savannas, and the giant giggles began to die out of a lack of food.
Cave hyena reached 1 m in height at the shoulders and weighed from 80 to 100 kg. According to calculations based on studies of fossilized remains, the cave hyena was able to knock down a 5-year-old mastodon who weighed a ton.
Cave hyenas lived in packs, sometimes consisting of 30 individuals. This made them stronger hunters: together they could attack the 9-year-old mastodon, weighing all 9 tons. Needless to say, a person hardly dreamed of meeting a flock of hungry hyenas.
The population of cave hyenas began to decline 20 thousand years ago and finally disappeared 11-13 thousand years ago. As one of the reasons that influenced the extinction of cave hyenas, scientists suggest a struggle with a person for the cave space during the last ice age.
Smilodon is an extinct genus of saber-toothed cats, contrary to stereotypes, having little in common with saber-toothed tigers.
For the first time saber-toothed cats appeared 42 million years ago. There were many species, most of which died out even before the appearance of man. However, at least two types of saber-toothed cats could occur to primitive people in America. They were the size of a modern African lion and weighed like an Amur tiger.
Smilodon was an incredibly powerful animal - he could calmly attack the mammoth. Smilodon used special tactics: at first he was waiting for prey, imperceptibly approaching and swiftly attacking.
Despite its "saber-toothed", smilodon among cats is not the most powerful bite. So, the bite of a modern lion is perhaps three times stronger. But then the mouth of Smilodon opened wide by 120 degrees, which is half the capacity of the current lion.
A terrible wolf - no, the "terrible" is not an epithet, but the name of the species of wolves living in North America. Terrible wolves appeared about a quarter of a million years ago. They are similar to modern gray wolves, but much more hardy. Their length reached 1.5 m, and the weight was about 90 kg.
The strength of the bite of a terrible wolf was 29% stronger than the strength of the bite of a gray wolf. Their main diet was horses. Like many other carnivores, the terrible wolf died out 10 thousand years ago during the last ice age.
The American lion, despite the name "lion", was closer to the modern panther than to the lion. American lions inhabited the territory of North America about 330 thousand years ago.
The American Lion is the largest known wild cat in history. On average, an individual weighed about 350 kg, was incredibly strong and easily attacked bison. So even a group of primitive people would not be delighted with a meeting with one of the American lions. Like previous comrades, American lions became extinct during the last ice age.
Megalania - the largest of the lizards known to science - lived in Australia and began to disappear about 50 thousand years ago, that is, at the same time as humans began to populate the continent.
The size of megalania is a subject of scientific debate. According to some reports, its length reached 7 m, but there is an opinion that the average length was about 3.5 m. But not only size is important: megalanias were a poisonous lizard. If her victim did not die from blood loss, then she would certainly die from poisoning - in any case, hardly anyone managed to escape alive from the mouth of megalania.
A short -faced bear is one of those types of bears that a primitive man could encounter. The ancient bear was about 1.5 meters in the shoulders, but as soon as he stood on his hind legs, he stretched to 4 meters. If this does not sound scary enough, add this detail: thanks to the long limbs, the bear developed a speed of up to 64 km / hours This means that Hussein Bolt, whose record is 45 km / h, would have easily got him for dinner.
Giant short-faced bears were one of the largest carnivores in North America. They appeared about 800 thousand years ago, and became extinct 11.6 thousand years ago.
Quincans, land crocodiles, appeared quite a long time ago - 1.6 million ago in Australia. The giant ancestors of crocodiles reached 7 m in length. Unlike crocodiles, Quincans lived and hunted on land. In this they were helped by long powerful legs to catch prey at great distances, and sharp teeth. The fact is that crocodiles use their teeth mainly in order to capture the victim, drag her water and drown. The teeth of the land quincan were designed to kill, bite and literally cut the victim. The Quincans became extinct about 50 thousand years ago, having lived about 10 thousand years side by side with a primitive man.
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