10 fastest animals in the world: up to 2090 km / h in a jump
Pronghorn. This elegant creature is the fastest terrestrial animal in North America, with a speed of 90 km / h. At a short distance, the pronghorn would not be able to overtake the cheetah, but would easily come off it on any long track. Stamina allows pronghorn to migrate hundreds of kilometers every year.
Brazilian folded lip. The fastest of the bats, accelerating to almost 100 km / h in diving. The folded lips live in large colonies in caves, under bridges and in old buildings. In the evenings, they simultaneously fly out to hunt, forming an amazing “cinematic” picture.
Sailboat and swordfish. A curious example of a draw - various sources call it either a sailboat or a swordfish, the fastest fish in the world, developing a speed of 100 to 130 km / h. One of the studies, which gives victory to swordfish, found with the help of MRI that in the upper jaw of the fish there is an tonsil that releases oil. Spreading around the fish head, the oil reduces friction against water and increases speed.
Calipta Anna. The upper limit of the speed of this bird is 80 km / h, which does not seem to be too impressive a result until you evaluate its size. Biologist Christopher Clark of the University of California at Berkeley calculated that at such a speed hummingbirds cover 385 sizes of their body per second, undergoing severe 10G overloads.
Cheetah. Not the fastest animal on Earth, inferior to birds, fish and even insects, but still the fastest land and fastest mammal. It reaches speeds of more than 100 km / h, accelerating from 0 to 100 in three seconds.
Black marlin. According to the BBC, the maximum speed developed by black marlin is 130 km / h. It was measured by how quickly fishing line from a fishing rod was caught when catching fish, which is a somewhat controversial method. Did the boat move at that moment, did the fish swim in a straight line? One way or another, it is not surprising that with such speed black marlin is very popular among sports fishing enthusiasts.
Horsefly. If you have ever been haunted by one of these biting creatures, you know how fast they are. Jerry Butler, an entomologist at the University of Florida, says the adult male Hybomitra horsefly has a speed of over 144 km / h. True, it is difficult to accurately measure the speed of an insect due to size, nonlinearity of flight, and other factors.
Needletail Swift. This bird has a speed of almost 170 km / h, which makes it the fastest flying animal. She lives in Asia and Australia, occasionally flown to Europe.
Mite. If we take the world's fastest animal in relation to the length of its own body, then no one will catch up with the tick of the species Paratarsotomus macropalpis. For a second, it covers a distance of 320 of its own size - anyway, as people would accelerate to 2090 km / h.
Peregrine Falcon. Although a peregrine falcon flies slower than a needle-tailed swift, in a dive for prey it accelerates to 390 km / h. The claw strike after acceleration is so strong that it can tear off the victim’s head.
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